Lifestyle Of A Human Being

The term “lifestyle” is typically used to refer to a person’s overall way of living that reflects all of their societal ideals, attitudes, and activities. Along with cultural and behavioural patterns, it also involves ingrained personal behaviours. We come to our lifestyle through social interaction with our parents, groups, and friends, as well as through school and the media.
Today’s lifestyle, which encompasses many areas of human activity including patterns of eating, drinking (alcohol), smoking, exercising, drug dependence, human reproduction, sexual practices, etc., has a significant impact on our health, fitness, and illness. A healthy lifestyle is necessary for health promotion. Today’s developed nations face a number of serious health issues, such as coronary heart disease, obesity, lung cancer, drug addiction, alcoholism, car accidents, suicides, and homicides, among others, are linked with lifestyle changes.

In developing nations like ours, the conventional lifestyles that are defined by subpar hygienic conditions, subpar nutrition, subpar personal cleanliness, subpar human behaviours, customs, and cultural patterns, etc., continue to increase the risk of sickness and mortality.

Optimal health is promoted by factors including proper nutrition, enough sleep, enough physical activity, personal hygiene, habits, and behaviour, all of which are closely tied to individual lifestyles.

The best strategy to prevent illness and early mortality in contemporary society is thought to be lifestyle change more than any other element.The inference is that leading an active lifestyle improves health and quality of life while making a major contribution to overall wellbeing. And we should all learn to change our behaviours to promote long-term heath and fitness.

It is important to comprehend the terms “wellness” and  “health” in order to grasp how they relate to lifestyle.

“Wellness” is the combination of all aspects of physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual health and fitness that increases a person’s capacity to live and work successfully and to significantly impact society.
“Health” refers to optimal wellbeing that enhances life quality. Though the absence of sickness is crucial to good health, disease and illness are only a small part of being free from conditions that disturb homeostasis. In accordance with one’s inherited traits and unique limitations, optimal health involves high levels of mental, social, emotional, spiritual, and physical fitness.
It's a frequent misconception that staying in shape merely requires proper nutrition and exercise. In actuality, keeping a healthy lifestyle requires more than just these two things; it also requires the ability to maintain a happy mood, good mental health, and a healthy self-image. Some important factors for a healthy lifestyle are as follow:

1.Up your water intake. The majority of us do not regularly consume enough water, despite the fact that it is necessary for healthy body function. Water is essential for carrying out biological processes, getting rid of waste, and circulating nutrients and oxygen around our bodies. We must constantly replenish the water in our bodies since we lose water through breathing, perspiration, urination, and bowel motions every day. We all require different amounts of water, but generally speaking, an average adult needs two to three litres each day. Urine, which should be white or pale yellow, is an excellent indicator of how much water you are consuming.

2.Get adequate rest. You usually eat more when you don't get enough sleep. Typically, solely unhealthy food.

3. Exercise. Every day, not just a few times a week. You can potentially lengthen your life and reduce your risk of disease by engaging in any form of physical activity for 30 minutes each day.

4. In the vegetable section, choose items with vivid colours. These are more visually appealing and contain lots of antioxidants, which help our bodies fight off free radicals that harm our cells.

5.Eat less processed food. Simply put, processed meals are bad for you. Processed foods lose the majority of their nutritious content during production, and the additional preservatives are harmful to human health. Due to the high salt content of these foods, high blood pressure and heart disease are caused. In general, an item is more processed the more ingredients it lists on the label.

6. Consume more vegetables and fruits. Vitamins and minerals, which are crucial to your health, can be found in all fruits and vegetables. To maintain our health, it is advised that we eat five servings of fruits and vegetables each day.

7.Keep negative people away from your life. A healthy outlook on life is essential. Negativity doesn't belong in your life. If a person or acquaintance seems negative to you, just let them go.

8. Refrain from being negative to yourself. Negativity from you is not necessary either. Delete all unfavorable thoughts from your mind. By maintaining a positive outlook, you can avoid an unhealthy reliance on food to make you happy. Overeating typically occurs when one is unhappy.

9. Avoid trigger foods. You can't stop eating these after taking one bite. Although everyone has different trigger foods, they often include candy bars, chocolate, chips, cookies, or anything with a lot of refined sugar, salt, fat, or flour.

10. Consider low-calorie and low-fat substitutes. Every grocery store offers a wide selection of low- or no-fat substitutes. Try gradually replacing your high-fat pantry products with low-fat alternatives.

11. Enjoy your meal slowly. It is your brain, not your stomach, that controls how hungry or full you feel. By taking your time and eating more slowly, you give your brain enough time to tell your stomach that you're full and for your food to be thoroughly ingested. You shouldn't rely on a clean plate to indicate when to stop eating.

12. Give up smoking. Simply said, smoking is terrible. If you smoke, give it up for improved health for you, your family, and your friends.  Excessive consumption of alcohol is injurious to health too.

13. Get your food ready. You can precisely manage what goes into your meals when you make them yourself. Making the best decisions for your body is made simpler for you as a result.

14. Keep wholesome snacks on hand. Your metabolism will benefit from frequent short meals, but the most important thing is to eat healthy foods. Look for items like fruit, salad, or freshly squeezed juices that are not from concentrate when choosing snacks throughout the day. These are healthy and won't cause a sugar high or low.

Sriparna Mukherjee
Amity University, Kolkata

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